On The Range

On+The+Range

They wear cowboy hats. They rope outside of the Winthrop Rockefeller Building. But ranch management students are more than just cowboys. They are all-around Southern businessmen with a dress code, a code of conduct and a sound knowledge of all the ins and outs of the ranching industry.

Jeffrey Geider, Director of the Institute of Ranch Management, said, “They learn how to manage the entire resource. They’re really business people learning business practices and principles as it applies to agricultural management.”
Students pursuing a ranch management degree focus on the ecology and economics within the industry.
Kerry Cornelius, Director of the Ranch Management Program said, “Conservation is a huge thing when you talk about ranch management. Because you always want to leave the environment better than you found it and better than when you started.”
Resource conservation
The program is not just following the trend of going green. It has taught the value of conservation from its inception in 1955. The Ranch Management Program was founded with a goal of educating students on how to utilize and manage natural resources in a sustainable way.
Today the program’s fundamentals include the management of soils, water, plants and animals alongside coures business courses such as marketing and finance.
Each of the classes offered within the Ranch Management Program emphasize the importance of ecology. Soil and water conservation courses teach students plant and soil identification, characteristics, development and erosion. These skills help students identify problems and find solutions for the land in the future.
“If you overstock your pasture what’s that do to you economically in the future? If you could figure out what moderation is and stock … to where you leave enough root system to where you maintain the integrity of the grasses and the productivity of the grasses then that is sustainable,” Cornelius said.
Analyzing data
Ranch management students inventory data about land to learn how correctly stock it with animals. Overstocking and overgrazing results in erosion. Students gather data from the Natural Resource Conservation Service, a web soil survey that includes information about ecological sites, rain and soil types, which are all crucial in the ranch planning process.
Each site has different productive capabilities and capacities and students are taught to evaluate maps and make decisions based on the makeup of a particular piece of land.
“If we erode the top soil away we lose thirty percent of our productivity and they know that it takes a thousand years to build an

inch of topsoil so we’re going to protect that topsoil at all costs,”
Cornelius said. “Conservation is a huge thing when you talk about
ranch management. Because you always want to leave the environment
better than you found it and better than when you started.”
A maverick proposition
Ranching is about productivity and maintaining a perpetual business
on top of stewarding land and caring for animals.
“That’s one of the biggest reasons TCU Ranch Management is so
unique and successful because we don’t teach you to be a specialist
in one area. You have to know enough about all of it to make it
work,” Cornelius said.
The Ranch Management Program at TCU is the only one of its
kind in the state. The school has alumni from more than 40 states
and 22 countries.
“TCU is the best place in the world to get a Ranch Management
degree. There’s not another program like this one anywhere that I
know of. There are some that try to copy, there are some that try to
do other things but they don’t do the same thing we do. We teach
the practical application, business and economics of ranching,”
Cornelius said.
A different kind of education
The program is unlike any other degree track at TCU. It offers a
four-year Bachelor of Science degree, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor
of Science minor degrees as well as a certificate program.The
certificate program is only two semesters long but the coursework
is very demanding.
“It is equivalent to taking 56 hours worth of work in 2 semesters,”
Cornelius said. “It can feel like you’re taking a drink out of a fire
hydrant.”
The certificate program was founded by a group of ranchers in
that believed in a educating future ranchers from a holistic approach
to managing agricultural resources rather than creating
specialists in individual areas of the industry.
In order to gain entrance into the program, students go through an
interview process. During their first two years, prospective students
take core classes. Prior to their junior year, they must apply to the
school and then, upon acceptance, they students will also fulfill a
minor in business. Ranch management majors take a full year of
only ranch management classes. During their senior year, they are
in class Monday through Friday from 9am to 4 pm. They take a
total of 2 classes per day and 7 classes per semester.
While classroom time is important, 40 percent of the program is field
trips. Students have the opportunity to meet with professionals in
the industry and experience firsthand what ranch managers really do.
“We take the students on five week-long field trips,” Cornelius
said. “We travel about 900 miles during the year and introduce
them to about 68 professionals in the industry.”
A world of opportunity
Graduating students are not limited to working as ranch managers.
Some become bankers, commodity brokers and insurance
agents while other go into real estate or oil and gas. The majority
of ranch management majors do become ranch managers such
as fjord managers, cow-calf managers, preconditioning managers
and stocker operations managers.
“We’re teaching business principles and practices that apply to
any business. When they come out of here they’ve learned a lot.
They’ve got a tremendous amount of confidence in what they
know and how they’re going to tackle or meet certain challenges
or expectations,” Cornelius said.
Senior ranch management major, Taylor Marley, whose father
is also a TCU ranch management graduate, plans to carry on
his family’s tradition of ranching and production agriculture.
“We’ve learned a lot about the industry … how to run numbers,
create budgets, look at markets and how to run a ranch at the
optimum level,” Marley said.
Despite the grueling hours, Marley appreciated the program’s
instructional method.
“The hours are long, your schedule is inflexible, but what you
learn in terms of experience and in the classroom makes it worth
it,” Marley said.